You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Because our world is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness comes down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors to build your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers will probably find their credit scores above 620.
Your credit score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Is there any way to raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your score, you have to get your score and ensure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 405-513-7700.