You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to create a FICO score.
All three major credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in building a score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will likely find their scores falling between 620 and 800.
Your score affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Since the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your score, you have to obtain your score and make certain that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call: 405-513-7700.