Purchasing a home is likely the largest investment you will make in your lifetime. So before you commit to the transaction, you must be certain that the "title" of the property is free of any other claims.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title company.
You pay the title insurance company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company searches the property's title history. Through its research, the title company can almost always find any title problems and clear up these problems prior to closing.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title insurance company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Title insurance covers the following:
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